Neurosis in men and women: Gender different causes and symptoms, similar treatment
The concept of neurosis is part of a group of neurotic disorders, which implies functional disorders of the human psyche, the duration of which is prolonged. It should be noted that almost 5% of the world's population suffer from neuroses, and all of them have a chronic form of the disease.
It Should also be noted that among people suffering from neurosis, women are several times more numerous. So according to statistics, per 1000 inhabitants of the earth there are on average up to 160 women — neurotics, and only up to 80 men.
The Mechanism of formation, causes, and forms of manifestation of neurosis are almost identical in men and women, but there are certain differences due to gender differences. Besides, women's neurosis is more emotional.
Why does a person fall into a neurotic state?
Mechanisms of neurosis are still being studied. But it is revealed that neurosis causes a disorder of brain activity, and as a result of the inability to adapt to new or already lived life situations.
Against the background of this process, somatic and mental changes appear, as well as doctors have recorded the fact of changes in the bioelectric activity of the brain. It is the brain that regulates all the activity of the body, changes its work, and disrupts the work of all organs.
What causes changes in brain activity? What are the possible circumstances that affect it? Here is a small number of the most common reasons, again, according to experts, :
- Family factors and everyday situations. Most of the neuroses were the result of family circumstances: divorce, infidelity, jealousy (pathological, hysterical), restless family life against the background of quarrels, conflicts and fights, dissimilarity of views in the upbringing of children (excessive strictness or, conversely, pampering). All these situations lead to the formation of incorrect inadequate self-esteem, obsession, constant anxiety and irritability.
- Interpersonal conflicts. This reason is very common, it affects not only family life, but also life outside: work, relationships with distant or close relatives, with people in General.
- Intrapersonal conflicts. Here a person comes into conflict with himself, his desires, and real possibilities. Experts believe that it is intrapersonal conflicts that can cause the manifestation of human qualities, as a separate and unique personality, and cause the appearance of neurosis. Often there is a split personality, as one of the types of mental disorders.
- Derived factors and bad habits. This can include all environmental factors, both directly and indirectly affecting the person.
- Death or serious illness of loved ones. This is the most powerful psychodramatic factor that leads to the appearance of neurosis. But it should be noted that this reason is only a trigger button that leads to mental illness.
Neurosis and neurosis-like States in men
Many people believe that neurosis is a synonym for the word "woman", but in our time of fast life, neurotic disorders are also subject to men. For men the following separate types of neuroses are more typical:
- Depressive — symptoms of this type of neurosis are more common in men, the reasons for its appearance are the inability to realize themselves at work, the inability to adapt to sudden changes in life, both in person and in public. Often the reason is a violation in erectile function and as a result, they lack personal life and the inability to show yourself as "the coolest pepper and male".
- Male neurasthenia. This type of neurosis usually occurs against the background of overstrain, both physical and nervous, most often it is subject to workaholics. It manifests itself in irritability, aggression and leads to attacks on others for no reason.
- Hysterical neurosis. Very-very-very rarely manifests itself in the female sex, but still happens! In men, this type of condition is difficult to detect, most often this condition is perceived as a character trait, but this is not the case, and hysteria in men requires more careful treatment than in women.
Neurosis in women: types and symptoms
The main types of neurosis, symptoms of which are manifested in women — seven:
- Depressive. A relatively calm type of neurotic state, the distinctive features of which are the need to separate from the surrounding world: a sense of uselessness, the need to retire and isolate yourself, to remain "behind a high fence", the lack of goals and meaning in life, a state of apathy, abulia and decline in strength. Most often, the reason for this condition is family relations or interpersonal conflicts at work.
- Female neurotic. Dissatisfaction with life, family, children, husband, friends-friends, emotional emptiness, and as a result – chronic fatigue and fatigue.
- Hypochiondrial. This type of neurosis is characteristic in 99.9% only for the fair sex. It consists of inventing some diseases for yourself, searching for all the symptoms, and making a diagnosis for yourself. There is no problem, but the woman invented it for herself, made a diagnosis, found treatment and is being treated, or runs to all the doctors, proving that she is seriously ill.
- obsessive-compulsive disorder. Experiences without a reason most often take place against the background of a watched movie, or a relative or girlfriend who has lived the same situation. A woman just thinks about what could have been, about the meaning of life, about relationships...and gets screwed up, creates a problem out of nothing, is negatively adjusted, and as a result – a mental disorder.
- neurosis of fear. Constant fear for someone close to you, worry about a situation that hasn't even happened yet, worry about "nothing".
- Hysterical neurosis-no wonder the concept of "hysterical" female, because its symptoms are almost always manifested in women. And this is in most cases not a warehouse of character, but a disease that requires qualified treatment. Characteristic signs – demonstrativeness, obstinacy, arrogance, aggression, a desire to show themselves from the "explosive" and bitchy side, fits of laughter or crying " Vasilisa»... and all this is hysterical.
- Climacteric neurosis. This form is typical for both men and women. It appears as a neurotic disorder in the middle age from 45 to 55 years. The reason is banal-age, changes occur throughout the body, in the work of all organs, menopause occurs, which no one expects.
Neurosis is a concept inherent in both women and men. But with one caveat: the female sex, due to its natural characteristics, is more sensitive, we can say that to take "everything to heart", women are inherent in the genes.
Diagnosing neurosis is not an easy task that only an experienced specialist can Do. As discussed above, the symptoms of neurosis manifest differently in both women and men. It is also necessary to take into account that each person has their character, their personality traits, which can be confused with the signs of neurosis. This is why only a doctor should make a diagnosis.
It takes a long time before the patient is pronounced "sentence". Initially, the specialist analyzes all complaints. This is not in the form of a survey, but in the form of a conversation, where the specialist tries to understand the life and problem of his patient, the problems of his mental development, unobtrusively and very carefully.
Sometimes more than one or even two doctors are required. One of the most modern and popular methods is color diagnostics. It is based on the rejection of a color that can answer what the patient's current mental state is.
Complex therapy of neurotic abnormalities
One of the important aspects in the treatment of neurosis is the help and support of loved ones. The first necessary help is the word. A well-spoken word of support works wonders.
In our time, experts focus on several generally accepted methods of treating neuroses. But it should be noted that the number of procedures, the number, and frequency of repetitions of a particular method of therapy, as well as the dosage of drugs, are determined for each patient individually.
Comprehensive treatment includes both psychotherapy and medication.
This is one of the first stages where specialists help the patient to realize their problem and calmly find a solution: change the life orientation, find a new goal in life, overcome fears and anxieties.
The Method is based on the suggestion of the subconscious and conscious. Sometimes patients manage only this method of treatment, without the use of medications.
But it should be noted that this path is long, and it gives results after a considerable time. In tandem with this method, massage, reflexology, breathing exercises, and another physiotherapy can be used.
Medications are used to achieve the fastest results during the patient's remission or when the neurosis worsens. Drugs serve as an assistant in restoring human psyche. They help the patient to perceive the information that they receive during psychotherapy more easily, effectively and qualitatively.
Treatment of psychoses can be carried out with the help of a Seroquel (Quetiapine)
At the same time, the latest generation of antidepressants practically does not cause side effects, nor affect the work of the entire body, I act gently, but accurately.
The Consequences of an untreated or neglected neurosis are sad. How long can a person live in constant tension, anger towards everyone, or with a sense of their insignificance? No! Neurosis will become a springboard to several diseases of the internal organs, to a decrease in immunity, and in some cases to insanity.
Everything you need to know about neurosis in this video:
Be cheerful and healthy in body and soul!
But the best treatment for neurosis is its prevention. It would seem that this sounds stupid "prevention of neurosis" because you can not predict what will happen tomorrow, it is impossible to prepare yourself for stress or tragic situations. Even thinking about it is difficult, let alone preparing.
But several measures will help strengthen the nervous system:
- a healthy lifestyle will ensure not only a strong nervous system but also a healthy body;
- walking in the fresh air, — experts recommend spending at least 30 minutes in the fresh air, but it is better to increase this time to 1-3 hours;
- even a regular morning workout will help you fight stress;
- breaking bad habits;
- proper nutrition, course intake of vitamins;
- last but not least, don't think about bad things.
Simple rules, easy to follow. You need to think about yourself and your health.